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Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Due Friday 26th of October


 Write the first paragraph of the Causes of the War of 1812 paper.


(link to short movie/article on war of 1812)
http://amhistory.si.edu/militaryhistory/exhibition/flash.html



Below is the history department expectations for your essays: read it as a guide to your paper.           

Essay expectations for US History Students at Berkshire School. 


    A.    Introduction  (at least 3 three sentences but often this is not sufficient.)
         1.   Clear description of topic
         2.   A concise thesis Statement—this this will include specific historical points that        illustrate the point of the paper.
         3.     Excellent quotations often enhance the quality of introductory paragraphs. This often separates great from mediocre papers—use credible sources!

    B.     Body
1.     Clearly written paragraphs that provide supporting evidence to the thesis.
2.     Counter arguments should be described and disproven when appropriate.
3.     Body paragraphs should include factual material and proper citations.

    C.     Conclusion
       1.     Re-emphasize the thesis statement with more evidence to prove the author’s point.

   D.    In non-testing situations a works cited page is required.

66 comments:

  1. The War of 1812 was caused by British attempts to control the proclaimed “free” ocean, their stubborness to remove soldiers from United States territory, and largely because of United State’s greed. The “freedom of seas” was violated with the Chesapeake Bay Incident, Orders of Council, and Britain’s interference with American ships. Britain also failed to cooperate with the United States by not removing their soldiers from the United State’s territory from the previous war. But, even with the other aspects, the most driving cause was United State’s greed for more land from countries like Spain and France with nearby territory. The War of 1812 lasted three years and ended in a “stalemate” meaning neither side won. The neccessity of this war was argueably minimal, and it is very unlikely that much benefit could have resulted from the war, even if the United States had won.

    Cooke (E period)

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  2. The War of 1812, fought between the United States and Britain, was “the most peculiar conflict in our history”(Boorstin and Kelly 199). There is no main cause for the war, but instead the War of 1812 occurred from several complications. These causes included the Orders of Council put forth by the British, the imperial decrees authorized by the French, the Chesapeake affair, and the Embargo Act. Another contributor were the War Hawks of the south. They sought more land and financial gains, while many of the people in the north did not. This created not only a foreign conflict with Britain, but also an internal conflict. These reasons and many more would thrust us into a war that would last three years, and would end with meager gains for everyone involved.

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  3. The War of 1812 was a war fought between the newly independent nation of the United States of America and their former mother country, Great Britain. This was a very controversial war in the eyes of many Americans. It was fought because the British attempted to control the seas, refused to remove “red coats” from American territory, and America was extremely greedy. The “USS Chesapeake Incident” was an example of the British attempting to control the seas, as was the “Orders of Council”, which prohibited the Americans from trading with anyone besides the British. The British Parliament also refused to remove their soldiers from newly acquired American territory. The greed of Americans and their government also played a crucial part in the start of the War of 1812. America thought they could conquer Spanish Florida because Spain was a close ally of Great Britain. They also believed that they could snag Canada from the British. Not only was the beginning of the war controversial, but so was the final result. The Americans did not conquer Canada or Florida, but did reestablish the “freedom of the seas” by passing “Macon’s Bill #2”. As a result of the freeing of the seas, I think the Americans came out victorious in the War of 1812.

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  4. My History teacher once said to our class, “The greatest insult to humanity is war.” The war of 1812, fought between American and England, wasn’t a war where we had to defend ourselves and fight for our freedom; instead we wanted to attack England. What caused the war was the greed in our country, and the mindset, “ We are the greatest country and will not be bullied by anyone else.” The states wanted all of the land in North America, and became blinded when it came to the consequences of war. When England started attacking our ships we seized this opportunity to go to war; The War of 1812 began, and no victory was insight as American lives were lost.
    -Fortenbaugh

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    1. meant to be a period after war

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  5. America declared war on England on June 18th, 1812, beginning the War of 1812. The war "was the most peculiar conflict in our history" (Borstin and Kelly 99) that was declared mainly for America's development and sovereignty. The main causes of the War of 1812 were America's greed for land, power, and the freedom of the seas, the interference by foreign countries, England and France, on American trade, and the support that Britain gave to the Indians over the Northwest frontiers, which Americans wanted for more land. The greed of the new nation caused this war because they were trying to gain more land, such as Canada and Spanish Florida in order to have more power. As Hannah Cooke stated, the freedom of the seas was "violated with the Chesapeake Bay Incident, Orders of Council, and Britain’s interference with American ships". The Non-Intercourse Act and the Macon's Bill 2 were made due to the interference France and England had with America. Americans wanted land, like Canada, that were protected by foreign countries, such as England, who supported the Indians. Though Americans did not have a military victory until after the peace treaty that was signed, "the United States emerged from the war a prouder, stronger, and more unified nation" (Borstin and Kelly 99). The War of 1812 can be considered as a second war for independence.

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  6. The War of 1812 is an important part of American history because it is one of the first displays of greed by a President. “War is the greatest insult to mankind,” especially when it is not absolutely imperative (Bill Gulotta). This war was fought between the United States and England in an effort to gain more land for profit and growth. James Madison, however, declared war on England for reasons such as: the Chesapeake Incident, impressments of sailors, British forts in the west, and the seizure of American ships. Most of these events have to do with the idea of “freedom of seas”, which England had not been adhering to. This idea was one of the main points that Madison used to gain support for the war, though his real goal was Canada and other tracks of land owned by the Spanish.

    -Austin Brandt

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  7. The War of 1812 was supposedly triggered by three main events that revolved around international trade using the Atlantic Ocean. The incident involving the USS Chesapeake and the HMS Leopard sparked the domino effect followed by England’s Orders in Council, and France’s Milan and Berlin Decrees. The American people were very angry about this trouble overseas. Besides the growing tension of everyday citizens, there was also an underlying greed that was being fueled by southern War Hawks, or leading members of Congress who pushed for a war. “The frontier they cared about was not on the sea but in the American West. They wanted more land” (Boorstin and Kelley 200). Southerners wanted to take control over Spanish Florida, while North Westerners and other Northerners were taking over to conquer British Canada. Meanwhile, England had set up forts in the Western United States that posed a threat. Taking this land over meant kicking out the British as well as territory expansion. A push for more land was spreading throughout a majority of the country. Although the American Government pushed for war to end tyranny on the seas and eliminate the threat of England in the West, the larger goal was to conquer more of North America in order to geographically and economically expand. The incidents on the seas were used as reasons to involve the rest of the country in their cause. This was agreed upon mutually by the American Government as well as the people.

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    1. your effort is obvious and the results are good

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  8. In 1812, the US fought a war with the greatest naval power in the world, England. During this time, England and France were fighting the Napoleonic wars, and the US hoped to make money by trading with both England and France, but remain neutral and gain freedom of the seas. Although this proved to be unsuccessful for America after the Chesapeake Incident, it then triggered impressments of American sailors and the Orders In Council, which “prohibited all trade through ports from which the British Flag was excluded,” and soon lead to the Embargo Acts, placed by Thomas Jefferson, and the Non-Intercourse Act to limit trade. This set a tone for the war, proving America’s greed particularly for French land in Canada and Spanish territories in what is now Florida. Unfortunately America was not able to acquire these lands, but “freedom of the seas” was created with the passing of Macon’s Bill Number 2 that proposed France and England drop their restrictions, re-establishing trade, and providing a victory for America.
    - Pape

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  9. The War of 1812 was a war in which the new and young United States of America took on the "greatest naval power in the world", Great Britin, in a conflict that would have a massive affect on the young country's future. Britain was in a bitter conflict with Napolean, the emperor of France, and established the "Orders of Council", which restricted the U.S. from trade with any other foreign land. Great Britain, in an attempt to control the seas, impressed many of American seamen and fired at the USS Chesapeake which is now known as the "USS Chesapeake Incident". Lastly, America's greed to acquire Spanish Florida and Canada sparked conflict between the U.S. and Britain. Although many Americans viewed The War of 1812 as controversial, the Americans come out with a victory. A victory regarding internal unity and re-establishing the "freedom of the seas".

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  10. The war of 1812, between the United States and Great Britain, was primarily fought for the reason that Great Britain was inhibiting the United States right to “Freedom of the seas”. This war is significant because it is considered America’s second war for independence. At the time England and France were fighting the Napoleonic wars and the United States wanted to trade with both countries, but the British passed the “Orders of Council” prohibiting trade with all ships that did not display the British flag. The British outraged Americans by its practice of impressing American solders into the British navy. As an attempt to avoid war, the United States passed “The Embargo Act of 1807”. This act proved to be unsuccessful and led to the United States declaring war on the “Greatest naval power in the world”. “The United States was Greedy and had no concern for the death of solders”(Bill Gulotta). This war was completely unnecessary and could have easily been avoided.

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  11. Historians today still debate on who won the War of 1812 because there were no real gains for the countries that were involved. Since no country truly gained anything from the War of 1812, historians still debate who really won. Solomon Short argued, “The only winner in the War of 1812 was Tchaikovsky.” This showed his confusion over who was really victorious since all he could say was a Russian composer was successful because he could not tell if a country truly gained anything. This leads us to think about the motives and causes of the war. Our class thought about the motives the United States must have had in order to benefit from a war with Great Britain. Political tension from acts like the “non-intercourse act” created uneasiness between country’s governments. Also, the Chesapeake Bay Incident showed Great Britain was ready for war and was not afraid. Lastly, American greed led to the War of 1812 because of how much the government loved land and the money and power that came with it, especially after the Louisiana Purchase.
    -Jeff Thompson

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    1. “The only winner in the War of 1812 was Tchaikovsky.” great quote

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  12. The year 1812 sparked the commencement of the second war between Britain and America within 30 years. When the war began, America said it would be fought to address their injustices toward Britain during their tyrannical rule. However, toward the end of the war, these claims were unjustified. It began after the cause for it had ceased to exist. It was not fought for the reason declared (Boorstin and Kelley 199). Essentially, the tension between the United States and Britain since the American Revolution was heightened, and drove them to want to make Britain pay for what they had done. The United States was tired of getting harassed on the seas through British impressment of sailors, and the stopping of American ships en route to France for trade. Moreover, they had a strong will to expand. Canada was British territory and neighbors to their land. And with the incentive of the Louisiana purchase signed in 1803, twelve years prior, the United States were hungry to attain it. The War Hawks, which held high positions in government, recognized that America’s national pride was being tampered with and they would not stand for it. American War Hawks wanted to prove that America was capable of rising and expanding successfully as a nation through war and conquering Canada.

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  13. The war of 1812 was a war between America and England that was caused by a series of events. In the years leading up to the war, England and France were fighting each other in the Napoleonic wars. America wanted to take advantage of the situation as much as possible by trading with both nations while still remaining neutral. America finally declared war because they were distraught by England’s actions, as well as looking to gain land. The British did three things to upset America; enforced unjustified trade restrictions, Impressed American sailors into the British navy, and supported Indians in fighting Americans. On top of these actions by the English, America saw the opportunity to annex Canada and Spanish Florida. The war of 1812 proved to be extremely worthless, furthermore verifying, “war is the greatest insult to the intelligence of the the human kind”(Mr.Gulotta).

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  14. amelia

    The War of 1812, lasting three short years, was the result of over confidence and greed. Beside a National Anthem inspired by the bombardment of Fort McHenry, and a new found hero, Andrew Jackson; for the United States, nothing extremely positive was gained through the War of 1812. One could argue that this war, which could have easily been avoided, was due to many separate events. An example of one of these being the impressment of our sailors; the British taking our shipmen and forcing them into the their own Navy. The Battle of Tippecanoe may have also pushed our country towards war, as it created uproar in the west and instilled a notion that the Americans could easily take Canada. Another cause may have been the British refusal to change their Orders of Council regarding trade, violating our freedom of the sea. These causes, however, are minor compared to America's desire to strengthen their reputation as a prouder and more unified country, and gain more land, disregarding the soldiers that were to die fighting.

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  15. Christiena AugusteOctober 25, 2012 at 7:39 PM

    War is the ultimate insult to the intelligence of humankind” (Gulotta, BH 204). With that point unmistakably accurate, it leaves one to marvel at exactly how the United States, as a young nation, would think it wise to find itself engrossed in yet another war only twenty-nine years after the great battle for its own Independence. Though that logic may remain enigmatic, the direct cause of the war of 1812 is quite clear. It is the very quenchless desire that has overcome man for centuries: Greed. Greed was the fire behind the Northern states’ passion to battle the British for control over Canada, and Greed was root of the Southern states’ insistence on fighting for control over Spanish Florida. It is the American lust for land that was the driving force behind President James Madison’s decision to engage the United States in a war that it clearly was not equipped to fight. In other words, greed is essentially what caused the United States to simply bite off more than it could chew, especially at such an early stage in national development, in a war against a dominating European power. And this is what ultimately led to America’s inevitable failure in the War of 1812.


    ~Christiena Auguste

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  16. The major causes of the War of 1812 was the United States trying to prove its independence as a nation due Great Britain’s violation of the “Freedom of the Seas”, and the American greed for land and power. The United States originally wished to stay neutral and trade with England and France while they were fighting the Napoleonic Wars, but then England began to violate the “Freedom of the Seas.” The English began to seize and board American ships forcing the sailors to join the British Navy. The Chesapeake incident between the United States and Great Britian killed 3 and wounded 18 Americans. Although it was five years prior to the declaration of war, it was clearly an act of war. Americans knew that to win the War, they would have to invade Canada, a British Territory. With land comes power, and war hawks John C. Calhoun and Henry Clay saw the War of 1812 as an opportunity to expand the US boundaries.
    Tipper Higgins

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  17. In the early 1800s, two neighboring countries, France and England, were at war. America, having just ended the Revolution against England, was in severe debt. They were making their best efforts to stay neutral in the current war and distance themselves from the conflict and chaos while at the same time continuing trade. Their efforts were shot down when the British forbade Americans from trading with the French and the French forbade Americans from trading with the British. This took away the idea of “freedom of the seas,” which was very upsetting to Americans. The American president at the time, Thomas Jefferson, responded with The Embargo Act of 1807, prohibiting America from trading with any foreign country. Although intended to strengthen the country, the Embargo Act backfired, severely hurting the economy. After many other unfortunate events during this war period, America ultimately declared war against England. Many conflicts sparked their involvement in the war, but ultimately it was their greed that resulted in their participation. Citizens of the North West and New England wanted to own Canadian land. Southerners were War Hawk Confederates and always pushed for war. Although there were many conflicts that may have sparked America’s involvement, the main cause was their greed and their desire for more land and power.

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  18. The American war with England in 1812 was an attempt to prove America to be a strong and independent nation. However, this war was one of the first America declared completely out of greed, and was therefore utterly unnecessary. While the president claimed the main causes of the war were the Chesapeake Incident, impressment of American soldiers, and seizure of American ships, there were less moral reasons as well. Northerners wanted British-Canada and Southerners wanted Spanish-Florida. This avarice was by no means a reason to declare war, and it resulted in a loss of concern for the death of soldiers. The result of this completely inessential war was the American National Anthem, the reestablishment of the Freedom of the Seas, and the death of many soldiers.

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  19. In 1812, the US engaged in a war with England, a nation with the strongest navy in the world at that point of time; thus, the conflict is named “War of 1812”. However, this war turns out to be pointless and fruitless for the US even though the Americans had the initiative. By exploiting the fact that the British violates the “freedom” of ocean with the Chesapeake – Leopard Affair, together with other complications such as “Orders of Council”, the US manages to wage war against the British while covering up the conflict’s main stem – greed.

    - Nguyen Nguyen

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  20. The War of 1812 was a war between the newly risen United States and the very powerful Great Britain. Though it was a bold move for the US to declare war on the greatest naval power in the world, they made this decision with thoughtful reasoning. The main reasons for the United States' declaration of war on England were the Chesapeake Incident, the British impressment of American sailors, and the excessive hunger for land and power. Along with these factors, the British also restricted America's trade in introducing the Orders in Council, which went against the idea of "freedom of the seas". America was fed up with England's behavior, and the American citizens began to crave land in North America such as British Canada and Spanish Florida. America was eager to develop further as a country and soon became extremely greedy, resulting in the otherwise avoidable War of 1812, their second major war with England.
    -McErlean

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  21. George Washington’s ability to avoid war was what made him such a great president. He knew what it was like to fight in battle, and risk your life for your country. As a history teacher once said, “War is the greatest insult to humanity” (Gulotta). Unlike George Washington and Mr. Gulotta, the government and war hawks of 1812 were not able to grasp this concept. The greed for power became a major priority of the United States. Their desire to expand the country, stop the seizing of American ships, and end controversy over the freedom of the seas are what influenced the start of The War of 1812. America’s confidence and arrogance in the amount of power that they obtained over England resulted in the declaration of war.

    -Isiah Nunez

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    1. America’s confidence and arrogance in the amount of power that they obtained over England resulted in the declaration of war. good sentence

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  22. The War of 1812 brought very little change to America when it ended. The end of the war restored the “status quo ante bellum” which was the way everything had been before the war. The war was fought because of greed and for the “freedom of the seas”. England and France were occupied with the Napoleonic wars and America saw it as a golden opportunity to profit off both of them by selling them resources. The English passed the “orders of councils” which prohibited trade with all ships that did not bear the British flag. The British impressed American soldiers and even fired upon our ship the USS constitution when we did not stop to let them board us. This was named the Chesapeake Bay incident. “Freedom of the seas” is ideally what we were fighting for but the possibility of driving England out of Canada and Spain out of Florida was an extra greedy incentive of ours, which swayed us over, to waging war on Britain. The War of 1812 is arguably an unnecessary war because innocent lives of our soldiers were lost to fulfill our greedy needs for money and power as a nation

    -Jeff Meeker

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  23. America supposedly declared war on Britain to castigate them for their violation of the “Freedom of the Seas,” but it is clear the real reason for this deposition of war was to acquire Canada and Spanish Florida. Britain had been seizing American boats and impressing captured sailors into the British navy. This angered Americans, which is why it was the perfect time for greedy politicians to step in and declare war. These certain politicians, referred to as war hawks, opposed Thomas Jefferson and James Madison’s diplomatic tactics on the “Freedom of the Seas” issues because they knew they would have to go to war if the US wanted acquire Canada and Florida. The most prominent war hawks were Henry Clay, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and Peter B. Porter who controlled the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. These positions are protuberant in the United States government, which is why these war hawks were able to be persuasive in their argument for war. The greed Clay and Porter had must have shrouded their judgment, as they obviously had no regard for the soldiers fighting for them if they sent them into battle for this trivial desire for new land. Bill Gulotta, a historian, states that, “the United States was greedy and had no concern for the death of soldiers” (Bill Gulotta).

    Dylan O'Connor

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  24. In the years following the American Revolution, there were much tension between the United States and Great Britain in which GB was always seeking a chance to get its hinterland back while the US was extending its territory. Although President Jefferson passed the Embargo Act in 1807 in an effort to avoid the War, James Madison, in contrast to Jefferson, began the War of 1812 which was also called Madison’s War under the reasons of the threatening British military and navy, the violation of free trade and ocean, and the rising of War Hawks. Besides these excuses by the President, the real spark behind the war was the desire to conquer land in Canada. As Christina stated earlier, “It is the American lust for land that was the driving force behind President James Madison’s decision to engage the United States in a war that it clearly was not equipped to fight,” (Christiena Auguste, Blog), which essentially led to a loss of the War.

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  25. The War of 1812 began after a clash between England and America during which England was inhibiting America's right to "freedom of seas", the British navy was attacking United States Ships and impressing American citizens. This war was seen by some as a attempt by America to gain respect from England. America wanted to be seen by other countries as a strong, independent nation. This, however, was not the only reason for American's involvement, and "war hawk" interest, in this conflict. Greed was the main motivator behind America's declaration of war. The States wanted the power that they would assume after winning the war by gaining more land from England and England's ally Spain. The Southern States wanted to acquire Spanish Florida as another slave State, while the Northern States wanted Canada. The War of 1812 proved that a desire for land and power is never a good enough reason to enter a war. America's losses far outweighed it's gains in this conflict.

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  26. On June 18th 1812, America declared war with England for the second time in twenty-nine years. Previously, France was fighting in the Napoleonic wars against England. America was trying to stay neutral and at the same time they wished to trade with each country. This simple wish lead to some of the causes of the War of 1812. America stated that their reasons for going to war were to make the seas free, shut down the forts in the west, and to stop oppression on American ships and sailors. As the war went on, it seemed that the war was initiated from no reason exactly. The war was started out of greed, with no concern for deaths of American soldiers. It was just to prove to England we were more powerful after we won our Independence from them after the American Revolution. England pushed America to declare war due to many acts on the seas including the oppression of the American soldiers, the forcefulness to make American soldiers British soldiers, and the Chesapeake Incident. There were also reasons of America going to war that England did not inflict on them, but the views of the American population did. North westerners, New York residents, and New Englanders wanted America to gain territory in Canada, and Southern states wanted America to gain control of Spanish Florida. The War of 1812 is shown to be extremely worthless, but due to the forcefulness of war hawks, John C. Calhoun of South Carolina and Henry Clay of Kentucky, President Monroe was forced to engage the United States in another war with England. As Mr. Gulotta would say, “war is the greatest insult to the intelligence of human kind,” but in 1812 the United States government was too greedy to see that (Bill Gulotta, Lecture).

    Alli T

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  27. Thirty-six years after America declared their independence from Britain in 1776, the War of 1812 was declared due to the renewed tensions increasing between Britain and America. While Britain and France were at war, America stayed neutral and continued to trade freely between both countries. Both Britain and France acted harshly against America in different ways, including: the Chesapeake Incident, impressment of sailors, the seizure of American ships, and two different decrees. America used these seeming acts of war as an excuse to go to war with Britain. They wanted to proclaim their rights as an independent nation and try to conquer British Canada and Spanish Florida. Even though there were specific events America could use for reasons to declare war on Britain, it was not really necessary. As a result, Jefferson’s explanation to the American people as to why they were going to war was not entirely true. Jefferson proclaimed that the Chesapeake Incident, impressment of sailors, seizure of American ships, and the British Forts in the West were the reasons why America declared war on Britain; although the underlying reason America went to war with Britain was greed.

    -Nicky Friedman

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    1. Madison was the president who asked for war

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  28. The war of 1812 was declared two days after the United Kingdoms “Orders in Council” were terminated. Great Britain was very weak at this point in history; they had been fighting against the French in the exhausting Napoleonic Wars since 1799.(1) Knowing that England was weak, and understanding that America was not very powerful, the War Hawks decided to take action. War Hawks were men who encouraged war. Two significant War hawks were John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, in addition to Henry Clay of Kentucky.(2) Whether the Orders in Council were lifted or not, it was believed that men like Calhoun and Clay would have still pressed for war against Great Britain. Another idea that would have pushed for war against England was the reaction of American citizens caused by the impressment of sailors. In 1803, British sailors boarded and attacked an American vessel (USS Chesapeake), igniting fear among sailors and their families at home in America. The war of 1812 was caused by the fear instilled in American citizens, and the greed of the influential leaders in America.
    - Krissy Govertsen

    1) http://www.ashevillelist.com/gb/reform.htm
    2) Class notes

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    1. this is my view also--we could be wrong, but well written

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  29. After American Independence, the young nation was on its way to a successful establishment of a country. The weak confederation government was replaced by a strong federal government, the U.S. constitution was written, and successful compromises between political parties led to the declaration of Independence and Washington’s presidency. The young nation’s future seemed smooth and easy. However, on June 18, 1812, declaring its second war for independence, “America went to war against Great Britain to assert its right as an independent, sovereign nation” (1). This avoidable, and the “most peculiar conflict” between America and Great Britain was caused by the greed of both Great Britain and America (Boorstin and Kelley 199). Great Britain’s greed to win the Napoleonic War deprived the rights and freedom of America and its citizens, while America’s greed to expand land “pushed the nation into war” (Boorstin and Kelley 200).


    1)http://amhistory.si.edu/militaryhistory/exhibition/flash.html

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  30. After the Revolutionary War, America was not only independent, but in large amounts of national debt. On the other side of the war, Britain had joined another full fletched war, now fighting against France in the Napoleonic Wars. Before their rights were invaded, America was ultimately just trying to stay neutral between France and Britain, as well as trade enough with both countries to gain back the national profit that they had so greatly lost during the Revolution. In hopes to destroy the other's chance of profit during their wars, England and France both published acts that prohibited America from trading with the opposing country. England published the Orders of Council, and France created the Milan and Berlin Decrees. Once published, both acts completely violated Freedom of the Seas. Instead of remaining calm, and unlike the views of George Washington, President Thomas Jefferson decided to assert the independence and rights of America. The Non Intercourse Act of 1809,the poor communication between England, France, and America, and the selfishness of each nation, ultimately lead to a war that could have been easily avoided: the War of 1812.

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    1. "full fledged war" instead of full fletched war???? otherwise good

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  31. Henry Clay, the War Hawk from Kentucky, once wrote, “I scarcely know of an injury France could do us, short of an actual invasion of our territory that would induce me to go to War with her, whilst the injuries we have received from Great Britain remain undressed.” ( Horsman 15) This quote helps demonstrate the over zealous attitude towards starting a war with Great Britain, the War Hawks endorsed during the 1800’s. The War of 1812 was caused by a plethora of instances, some of which included: the push of War Hawks in congress, decisions made by the Orders in Council and Milan and Berlin Decrees as well as violations to Freedom of the Seas. Greed also played a major rule in The War of 1812 because the United States was scheming to advance into Canadian territory and seize British land, which created controversy. Normally, the commander and chief of the United States first attempts to avoid war because “it is considered the biggest disgrace to mankind” but Jefferson and Madison could not suppress the urge, even with their momentous efforts to pass acts and use their power to communicate peace. (Gulotta)

    --Sam Sabin

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  32. The War of 1812 was fought from June 18, 1812 to February 18, 1815 between the United States and the British Empire. It was a significant war in both the United States and Canada’s history as it gave, “both Canada and the United States their sense of identity” (Kidd 2012). Although the first war between America and the British Empire, the Revolutionary War, ended in 1783, with America gaining their independence, this did not end hostilities with foreign countries; particularly hostilities with Britain. The War of 1812 was not caused by a spontaneous, knee jerk reaction on America’s behalf, but rather there were a steady sequences of events that led America to the brink of declaring war, but ultimately the Americans’ greed, primarily for the annexation of Canada, led to the declaration of the War of 1812.

    Cite
    Kidd, Kenneth. "The War of 1812, from A to Z." Thestar.com. The Toronto Star, 07 Jan. 2012. Web. 26 Oct. 2012. .

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  33. The causes of the war of 1812, between Britain and The United States, were numerous and dated back many years before the war actually began. These reasons come from a huge variety of areas including, but not limited to, Britain still intent on recapturing all the land they had lost in the War of Independence, an argument over Britain trying to deny the freedom of the seas to America, and pure American greed in trying to take parts of Canada from Britain as well as Florida from the Spanish. In addition to this, the War of 1812 was caused by Madison going against Washington’s, and subsequent President’s, views regarding war as something that should only be entered as a last resort, as this was extremely obviously the case in this war. Seen most notably by the fact that War was declared two days after Britain signed “Maicon’s bill” (Gulotta slideshow), an agreement to grant freedom of the seas again to America.

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  34. In the War of 1812, it cannot be said what side won. The U.S. did not get Canada or Florida. Through the Treaty of Ghent, no territorial changes were made; the “status quo ante bellum” (Gulotta 23) was established. Everything was the same as it was before the war. The only accomplishment and victory made was the one land victory in the Battle of New Orleans. This battle was only waged until after the Treaty of Ghent had already been signed though. The war was already finished before the victory was taken. Only thing gained or won from this war was the people’s pride. What started this war was not resolved in the end. Affairs involving trade and territory are what caused and contributed to start the War of 1812.

    1)Gulotta, William. "War of 1812." Advanced U.S. History Class-F Period. Berkshire School Classroom BH204, Sheffield, Massachusetts. 16 Oct. 2012. Lecture.

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  35. The United States of America did not actually win the War of 1812 against the British. America was only met with countless casualties due to a British army that was clearly superior. The United States of America also did not achieve their intended goal–gaining Canada and Florida from British. As many people know, the War of 1812 was started by the United States, not by the British; the British brought America's anger upon themselves as due to their violent acts. While Britain and France were in a war, America was trying to be in neutral situation, gaining profit through trade with England and France. However, Britain and France forced the States to trade with either only Britain or only France. Angered, the U.S. Congress passed the Embargo Act, which states that “a law prohibiting any American vessel from sailing for any foreign port”(Boorstin and Kelley 195). Also, the Chesapeake Affair and the impressment of American sailors caused America to have revenge on Britain. Some people claimed that, that was why the United States went to the war even though the British Parliament agreed to trade with U.S. again and lifted the Orders in Council. The people in the North wanted to gain Canada, and the Southerners wanted to gain Florida. These were the causes that made the U.S. declare war against Britain.

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  36. Following the United States’ birth as an independent nation, Americans quickly developed a sense of nationalism, or the “sentiment that binds people to their country and makes them feel that from it all their blessings flow.” (1) America sought the War of 1812 against Britain in order to establish itself as a cooperating, independent nation to Britain and the world. America was proud of the nation they had collectively built, with a new Constitution written and the establishment of a functioning government. Americans were united on many decisions that they were faced with within the early years of being an independent country: they wanted ownership of Canada and Spanish Florida, they wanted “Free Trade and Sailors’ Rights” (2), and they wanted the crime of the USS Chesapeake Incident to be brought to justice in their favor. The states were united; and they could not wait to let the world know.

    ____________________________

    1. Boorstin, Daniel J., and Brooks Mather Kelley. A History of the United States. Boston: Prentice Hall, 2007. Print.
    2. "The Price of Freedom: Exhibition." The Price of Freedom: Exhibition. National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2012. .

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    1. a positive approach--well done--even though I disagree

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  37. The War of 1812 was a war that should have never been fought for the only things that it gave back were the burning of the Capitol Building and the White House, and the deaths of approximately 15,000 Americans. The "reason" why this war was fought was because of the seizing and attacking of American ships by the British and the Orders in Council, which in the eyes of the Government of the U.S. violated freedom of the seas. The truth is, that these were dropped two days before America declared war. The actual reason why America declared war against Great Britain was greed. This greed was to take Canada from the British and Florida from the Spanish; and since they saw that the British were in the middle of the Napoleonic war, they thought that our young and naive army could defeat their weakened forces. America had no luck against the British, winning only one land battle, the young American army got defeated and the Treaty of Ghent was signed to return everything to the way it was before the war.

    -Pedro Escobar

    Sources:
    - http://amhistory.si.edu/militaryhistory/exhibition/flash.html
    - Boorstin & Kelley
    - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812

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  38. The first major conflict between the newly formed United States and Great Britain was in 1812. A war where 2,260 lives were lost in action to “establish the status quo ante bellum” (Gulotta). The causes of the futile War of 1812 are directly related to America’s greed in the early 19th century, including: America’s desire for more territory, the killing and impressment of United States sailors (an act that took place 5 years prior to America’s declaration of war), along with the aspiration to remove British soldiers from their forts established in the west, and finally, to maintain the freedom of the seas.

    -Michael Schiffer


    Gulotta class notes ~ war_0f1812.pdf
    http://amhistory.si.edu/militaryhistory/exhibition/flash.html

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  39. Throughout the process of the United States of America becoming a nation the Revolutionary War was fought for our nation’s independence. However, as our nation grew in size and power, our role as a nation in the world became larger also. Because the United States had a larger role in global affairs, this led to the causes of the War of 1812. Though there were numerous causes to the War of 1812, the main causes were the violation of the freedom of the seas, the impressment of sailors, the Imperialist Decrees and Orders in Council, and perhaps most of all, greed.

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    1. A short yet accurate intro that states exactly what you are going to write about. good

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  40. The War of 1812 was a pointless battle that the Americans waged on Great Britain on June 18, 1812 that lasted until February 18, 1815. Before this war the Napoleonic Wars were underway. This war was between Great Britain and France. America was attempting to stay neutral throughout these wars, yet they still wanted to trade with both countries. While attempting to trade with France and England, American sailors were being taken hostage and their ships ransacked. The American people were upset and wanted to end the taking of their sailors. The war of 1812 was caused by the strong influence from the two War Hawks Henry Clay from Kentucky and John C. Calhoun of South Carolina. They wanted to start the war against England in attempt to gain Spanish Florida and British Canada. President Jefferson was able to convince and rally the support of Americans by using the Chesapeake Incident and the imprisonment of their sailors to support their reasoning to go to war. Though the Chesapeake Incident, the seizure of American ships and capturing our sailors upset the American citizens as well as the government the true reason that we went to war was the overpowering greed of acquiring more land.

    Francesca Ghi

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    1. This could be polished and edited (for example your first sentence indicates the the battle was waged on June 18,1812, but in reality that is when war was declared -- it is when the war began.

      The information written here would be fine in a testing situation--when you have time to edit I do expect a bit more accuracy.

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  41. Eloise Morrow
    The power of desire has the ability to blur people’s perceptions of what is right verse the direction that greed pulls them in. In 1812, war erupted between a young and inexperienced America, and the naval power house, Great Britain. Although territorial greed did play one aspect in why America declared war on Great Britain, there were many other factors that contributed to the cause. A major premise was the feeling that Great Britain was impeding upon the rights of the American citizens. This was present in the highly significant Chesapeake Bay Incident in which a neutral American vessel was shot at by Great Britain, killing five Americas. This was not the only infraction upon the U.S., but five years later was a major contribution when the declaration for war was sighned. The U.S. again received a blow to its freedoms when the warring nations of France and Britain both signed decrees restricting American trade. This greatly frustrated the newly flourishing trade industry and violated the Freedom of the Seas policy. Although there were some disputes between these three prominent nations, war was not needed to settle the differences. When the war of 1812 was terminated, America emerged with no significant territorial gains but as a “prouder, stronger and more unified nation”(199 Boorstine, Kelly). The extremely uneventful war of 1812 was ultimately sparked due to Americans desires to expand, Great Britain’s attack in the Chesapeake Bay, and un lawful decrees confining American trade.

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    1. your ideas are solid--- page #s after authors in a citation (Boorstine, Kelly 199)

      I also think that the Chesapeake incident was an example of freedom of seas violations

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